The African Journal for Public Administration and Management (AJPAM) is glad to bring to you its new edition. AJPAM brings together a wide variety of articles which have considerable relevance to African public services. The journal covers wide ranging topical current issues vital in the transformation of public administration for the development of Africa.
Mataywa Busieka’s article assesses policy, legal and institutional measures South Africa has put in place to address the emerging issue of international migration. In his analysis, migration in South Africa has a deep historical and socio-economic background dating as far back as 1913 where the colonial government sought immigrants of “white” descent to build the economy. The 1994 democratic government sought to remedy the situation by reversing racially-based and exploitative laws and integrate SA into the Southern African Development Community region, the African continent and the world as a whole as envisioned in the 1994 Abuja treaty. This article provides a policy framework for migration and integration policies.
Abdulai Darimani discusses the District Development Facility (DDF) introduced in 2008 by the Government of Ghana to support local governments through discretionary funding. He discusses how capacities are evaluated using the Functional Organisational Assessment Tool (FOAT) by which local governments with high scores receive more funding than low scoring authorities. The study adopts the responsiveness theory which implies that putting financial authority and resources in the hands of local governments enhances their capacity for discretionary spending, creates incentives for performance and increases their accountability to beneficiaries of services they deliver.
Anieti Nseowo Udofia and Johnson Ijale Echor address the strategic position Information and Communication Technologies occupies in governance in Africa’s largest economy, Nigeria. The emergence of such technologies has led to the need for electronic governance to monitor the process of information dissemination, construction and citizen participation. Electronic governance has the potential to ensure proper functioning of Information Communication Technologies and result to accountability, speed, responsiveness, effectiveness as well as efficient service delivery despite challenges.
Robert Moruku draws a nexus between Africa’s national resources and socio-economic development while examining the role of transformational leadership. In his discourse he presents Africa as a continent blessed with natural resources, yet the plight of African citizens remains deplorable, which he attributes to pervasively weak leadership capacity. The transformational leader, he posits, offers a transcendental purpose for addressing the higher-order needs of their followers. By employing the “logical-scientific or paradigmatic mode” the author concludes that leadership has a big role to play in orchestrating socioeconomic development of Africa.
Nana Usman Bature addresses the effects of work stress on employees’ performance in the banking industry in Nigeria. Stress is a psychosocial factor which hampers the wellbeing of workers thereby reducing performance and productivity. Many parallels can be drawn between the banking sector and public services as the stress triggers cut across all fields. The author recommends the enhancement of stress management such as regular training, openness and understanding among employees and administrative support.
Sylvester O. Obong’o’s article on ethics and integrity in public service leadership focuses on the Kenyan public service. The author notes that the Government of Kenya has put in place several approaches aimed at instilling ethical behaviour in the public servants including legislation, development of a code of conduct and training. The author recommends further research to determine if non-compliance to the stipulated code of conduct is due to weak implementation or public servants are taking advantage of loop-holes.
Stephen Gunura Bwengye analyzes local government decentralization in Uganda. In his analysis, a decentralized authority in comparison to central government can be more accessible and responsive to local needs thereby enhancing accountability in service delivery and community participation. Community participation is also seen to encourage innovative solutions for local problems in the decision-making process.
Dhikru Adewale Yagboyaju analyzes cultural impact on public administration and governance in Africa. Using Nigeria as a case study, he argues that the endemic culture of corruption acts as a deterrent to development. He concludes that Nigeria’s weak governance system, part of which is the country’s public administrative system, nurtures a culture of impunity and under-development that can only be addressed through a cultural reorientation.
I conclude by thanking all the authors who submitted their work for assessment, heeded the advice of the editors and produced well thought-out articles. The journal needs more submissions of articles by members of the Association and other stakeholders. We therefore urge you to develop and submit articles for publication in the AJPAM. Through knowledge sharing, the journal playsa critical role in capacity development. We especially encourage young professionals to submit their articles for consideration. We look forward to seeing more submissions of articles from this quarter.
Finally, I would like to thank my colleagues on the editorial board for their excellent work in reviewing the submissions. We also appreciate the AAPAM secretariat for their supporting role in ensuring the publication of AJPAM.
Prof. Malcolm Wallis