The 40th Roundtable Conference held at the luxurious Nile Ritz Hotel in Cairo -Egypt. The conference centered on the theme 'Transforming Institutions in Africa for Sustainable Development'. The four-day event was hosted by the Arab Republic of Egypt through the Ministry of Planning, Monitoring, and Administrative Reform in collaboration with AAPAM and other partners. Six hundred and thirty-three (633) delegates from twenty-four (24) countries attended the conference with Egypt, Ghana, Malawi and Uganda recording the highest turnout respectively. Other countries represented include Benin, Belgium, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Mauritius, Morocco, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia and the USA. Among the participants were ministers; heads of public/civil services and secretaries to cabinet; permanent/principal secretaries, local elected officials and other high ranking government officials. Others were chairpersons and commissioners for public service commission; heads of management development institutes; development partners; representatives of statutory institutions; scholars and researchers.